A Guide to Computer Network Design
Computer network design needs good understanding of topologies like ring, star, bus and so forth. Designing computer network has to meet some rules and such rules are all called as topology. These days, Ethernet is the most widely used topology put in use which consists of peripheral cables and computers together in specific ways. It’s because of the reason that Ethernet is relatively affordable, easy to set up and use and also, fast. The truth is, Ethernet comes in two forms and these are fast and standard Ethernet.
As you read on the next paragraphs, you are going to be mindful about other topologies used which can help you have better understanding of how to create complex network.
Number 1. Bus topology – when connecting a device, it actually uses a backbone in this type of topology. Because of this, the backbone has cable which functions as a shared communication medium wherein other devices could be connected as well. This topology is not hard to install and in regards to cabling, there are not many of it that you need. If you are using limited devices, they can provide you the best level of performance.
Number 2. Ring topology – in this form of computer network design, there are going to be two neighbors for every device with regards to communication. Because of this, every data travels either in counterclockwise or clockwise but in the same direction. Say that any of these have failed, it’ll cause the whole network to stall and fail afterwards.
When using ring network, every device has two neighbors for the communication process. All messages travel through a ring into the same direction. Failure in the cable or the device is going to break the loop which will take down the network.
Number 3. Star topology – the truth is, residential properties are the ones that are taking advantage of this topology. This is going to feature connection point such as hub switch or router and UTP Ethernet are the devices that are frequently used to connect.
Number 4. Tree topology – in relation to this computer network design, it is using multiple start topologies that are connected onto a bus. This provides excellent expandability of network and it’s way better compared to a bus or star.
Number 5. Mesh topology – routes concept is what used by this computer network design. Messages are sent in this kind of topology are given on different paths to travel before it reach its destination. Whether you believe it or not, the internet is a very popular example of mesh routing.