Food processing can be done using both the modern technological advancements and the traditional food processing methods. Traditional food processing method is still common in most areas where skilled craftsmen are used in the processing of food products through a method known as artisanal food processing. Artisanal food processing usually makes food using the hands and can make foods such as cheese, bread, cured meat, preserved fruits, oils, beverages and vinegar. Artisan foods are processed with an aim of ensuring that consumers are able to get locally sourced food. Providing market for locally produced goods as well as promoting the economy of the local area is the main aim of processing artisan food. Using simple techniques of food preservation and fermentation helps in increasing the shelf life of the perishable food produce such as fruits. Food processing through fermentation helps use the beneficial bacterial into producing consumer products with long shelf life such as wine and vinegar.
Artisan foods produced are usually produced over a long period of time since the processes of making the food are depending on the hands activity of the craftsmen giving the food products enough time to mature. This makes the artisan foods to have a high nutrition value hence healthy for human consumption. Most artisan foods are produced just enough for the people living in the given area without any surplus to export to other areas. Most artisan food is usually supplied to consumers in the farmers markets where most people visit to purchase food products. Supermarkets and fast food stores can also have artisan foods available to consumers in some regions.
Legislations as well as food processing safety precautions should be looked into when processing artisan foods to ensure safe consumption of foods. Ensuring food safety for human consumption requires the craftsmen involved in the food processing to maintain personal hygiene. This helps in reducing contamination of food products such as washing hands, reducing food contact with bare hands, having protective clothing and ensuring general personal cleanliness. Maintaining cleanliness of the general working environment is also crucial in ensuring food safety by mostly ensuring that all pest such as cockroaches and rat are kept at bay since most of them carry disease vectors. Proper waste management helps in ensuring that the food processing is safe from any disease-causing organisms.
Most artisan food retain their flavors since they are not genetically modified hence good for consumers. Most artisanal foods are peaked locally from farms where production is mostly organic hence they have their flavors and also safe from pesticide residues. Food production, processing, and consumption of the artisan foods help in the recycling of incomes amongst the different actors of the economy hence enhancing the growth of local communities economy.